30Dec2002az.jpg (8266 bytes)
From Lockhart looking NW at Tornado 1 at 3:58PM
30Dec2002cz.jpg (7316 bytes)
Zoom of Tornado 1 with funnel extending from out of ragged condensation, barely visible above stop sign

30Dec2002dz.jpg (7903 bytes)
Now end of funnel can be seen extending from left telephone poll back into ragged condensation cloud
30Dec2002ez.jpg (6672 bytes)
Rope funnel visible above stop sign
30Dec2002fz.jpg (7145 bytes)
Tornado #1 still visible and Tornado #2 visible just to the left of far right telephone poll
30Dec2002gz.jpg (7233 bytes)
Funnel of Tornado #1 re-organizes while Tornado 2 moves just to the left of far right telephone poll


I witnessed the last two tornadoes of 2002 near Lockhart, Texas on 12-30 at approximately 4:00 PM. I enjoyed this chase not only because it was an unusual late December success, but also because the storm was visually impressive for much of its life-span and gave me the chance to roam the South Central region of my old home state of Texas.

I spent Christmas week in Albuquerque with friends and flew to Dallas Sunday for the second week of Christmas vacation. Checking data at the airport, I suspended my plans and drove a rented Blazer to College Station for the night, positioning myself for Tuesday. In the morning I used the pristine local CLL public library and noticed that the West Texas vortmax had slowed and was digging more deeply than progged on prior model runs.

An early morning shortwave passed through SE Texas and subsidence behind the disturbance began clearing the skies. A patch of sunshine opened between thin convection along a pre-frontal trough and the actual front. This area moved east from the I-35 corridor and was growing.

This was the first of a few factors that reminded me of 10-9-2001 in Southern Oklahoma, when early showers moistened the BL and contributed perhaps to even lower LCLs. On Tuesday as well, the early clouds (our 'three o'clock cu' appeared at noon) were very low and encouraging. I suspected that with the low bases and impressive low level shear, given the almost certain appearance of secondary sfc lows, weak brief spinups were possible in the area.

Noting the more SE-ly winds and a tongue of higher dewpoints from Victoria to near Austin, I repositioned to Bastrop, just east of Austin. Cloud bases here appeared somewhat higher and the town is nestled in a pine forest, so I didn't want to stay long. Dave Fick arrived soon after and loaned me a video camera and a 2 meter HT since my chase gear remained safely stowed in my truck parked at the Indianapolis airport. Who knew, right?

Dave and I noted a mesolow forming SW of SAT near the Rio Grande and then moved to San Marcos when a storm near Hondo gained some vigor and cruised in our direction. Behind it the squall line was growing and we knew the window for isolated storms would remain open only briefly.

By the time we intercepted the storm west of San Marcos it had already produced one tornado and earned two warnings. South of town I caught sight of the first of several large wallclouds, then discovered I was too close and escaped to the east on Highway 80 toward Lockhart.

Reaching town around 3:52 I turned back to the west and watched the storm approach Lockhart with a cylindrical lowering and scud growing beneath. Within seconds these joined and a crisp elephant trunk tornado was on the ground.

Strangely, from my position it was difficult to discern the funnel's rotation, and I told Dave Fick on the cellphone moments later that it "looked" like a tornado but that I wasn't sure. As it turns out, the sharp eyes of Steve Miller and Eric Nguyen later revealed from the video that two tornadoes were present on this storm, the first being closer to me, and the second nearer the interface of the rain and RFB.  This second tornado is likely the same one photographed more clearly by Carson Eads.

On the video, watch carefully as the dark, cone moves behind the telephone pole on the far right of the frame.  I'm on the phone at the time, and have some instinctive sense that something is reorganizing over there (which is why I keep panning over there), but didn't detect it at the time.

I continued chasing from Lockhart to near Giddings where the storm was finally ingested by the line.

This was a great chase for renewing my love of Texas and the ubiquitous geography of her South Central regions. I owe a huge thanks to Dave Fick for the loaned gear and to Jeff Gammons and Steve Miller for several critical nowcasting calls.

On to 2003!

Amos Magliocco KC5VPD

Amos Magliocco Storm Chasing Page